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    The Evolution of Cavities

    Last updated 4 years ago

    The bacteria causing tooth decay and cavities, also known as "Streptococcus mutans", has been evolving.  According to researchers who extracted the bacteria from human teeth from the Bronze Age S mutans has been mutating rapidly.  The study of the bacteria is done in hopes of understanding it to the point of predicting its future behavior and thus ultimately using this information to combat its advance.

    How S. mutans works is it metabolizes the sugars in food and produces lactic acid. This acid eats away at the teeth's enamel surface causing dental problems such as cavities.  Cavities, themselves, have been around far before humans, being found in African gorillas 2 million years ago.  And aside from evolving, the bacteria has also increased in numbers significantly following mankind's shift from hunting to agriculture, foods heavy in carbohydrates and thus sugar.

    Researchers studied its evolution to see if the bacteria increased in its ability to cause disease. They found that it has evolved neutrally, a result of random genetic mutation, and hasn't given the bacteria any special advantages on human hosts.  But S. mutans has become more diverse as the human population grew, with more forms than ever before.  Researchers continue to study the bacteria and are looking into what changes it went through as Europeans moved into North America. One thing remains clear: limit your intake of sugar, and you will limit your chances of developing tooth rot and cavities.

    Dental Terms All Patients Should Know

    Last updated 4 years ago

    Your dental health depends in large part on your knowledge of the conditions that can harm your teeth and gums. When you understand how these problems can develop, you can take action to stop them before they cause cavities, destroy gum tissue, or produce jaw pain. The following terms highlight some of the most pressing dental issues of which you should be aware.

    Plaque is a universal concern. Everyone is vulnerable to it regardless of age, gender, or current dental health. This substance forms when the bacteria in your mouth have the opportunity to feed upon the food you consume. When food particles remain on your teeth, gums, and tongue, those bacteria can mix with them to produce a sticky acidic substance that adheres to enamel. If plaque remains on your teeth, it can deteriorate your enamel and cause gum inflammation.

    Gum Disease
    Many people know that cavities can cause extensive dental damage. Did you realize, though, that gum disease can be a source of tooth loss as well? This condition begins when plaque accumulates on the teeth. It then irritates nearby gum tissue, which recedes in response. As the gums retract from the tooth, it leaves teeth susceptible to instability and bacterial infections. Should gum disease go without treatment, the affected gums may leave the teeth so unstable that they move in their sockets and eventually fall out.

    Some people may know bruxism by its more common name: teeth grinding. This condition may not have a known cause in some people, but many afflicted individuals suffer from high stress, which they relieve with nighttime teeth clenching and grinding. Bruxism can wear down tooth enamel and cause tooth fractures, two circumstances that may lead to bacterial infections and cavities. It can also place a considerable amount of stress on the jaw joints. As a result, some bruxism sufferers experience considerable jaw pain and stiffness.

    Let Dr. Kenn Kakosian D.D.S., P.C. help you enjoy your best dental health. Our Manhattan office provides general, restorative, and cosmetic dentistry options for NYC-area patients. For an appointment, call us today at (212) 661-9777.

    Are You a Good Candidate for Dental Veneers?

    Last updated 4 years ago

    What does your smile say about you? If you suffer from cosmetic issues that have left your teeth discolored or broken, you may be hesitant to show your smile to coworkers, friends, and even your family. These concerns can then impact your level of confidence in professional, social, and personal situations. Dental veneers, which can mask your dental imperfections, can instantly provide you with the confidence and stunning smile you want.

    You Have Chipped Teeth
    A fall from a bike and bite on a piece of hard candy are just two examples of everyday incidents that can cause a chipped tooth. While a chip may not affect your dental health, it can impact your self-esteem, especially when it affects one of your front teeth. Dental veneers can cover the chip and instantly make your tooth appear whole once again.

    You Have Orthodontic Issues
    Many people suffer from misalignment issues that compromise the look of their teeth. Crooked teeth and gapped teeth can take away from your smile, yet you may not want to undergo orthodontic treatment to correct your orthodontic issues. Even if you wish to avoid braces or aligners, you can enjoy a beautifully even smile. Dental veneers can alleviate minor orthodontic problems that take away from your smile’s appearance.

    You Have Persistent Tooth Stains
    Tooth discoloration is a common cause of discontent among adults of all ages. Tooth stains can develop from lifestyle habits, medication usage, and even some types of dental injuries. Though teeth whitening can remove discoloration under many circumstances, it may not be enough for people with deeply set stains. When whitening fails to eliminate tooth discoloration, dental veneers can provide an effective, long-term solution to it.

    Would you like to learn more about dental veneers? Then call Dr. Kenn Kakosian D.D.S., P.C. at (212) 661-9777. Dr. Kakosian has cosmetic dentistry expertise in many areas, including the application of dental veneers, cosmetic contouring, and dental implants. Dr. Kakosian serves those living in the greater Manhattan region.

    Getting Used to Your New Dentures

    Last updated 4 years ago

    Dentures can give you the renewed ability to talk and eat as you once did with your natural teeth. However, it can take several weeks for you to adjust to this dental device. For instance, dentures may temporarily cause some speech issues. Practicing your talking abilities with your loved ones can help you can gain experience and confidence with your dentures. You should also slowly incorporate different foods into your diet. Dentures can withstand nearly any food, including fresh fruits and vegetables, but you may want to wait to try out these foods until you can comfortably eat less fibrous items. You may also want to schedule a follow-up appointment with your dentist so that he can address any initial discomfort or fit issues that you might have.

    Dr. Kenn Kakosian D.D.S., P.C. can help you enjoy life again with quality-made dentures. If you have suffered substantial tooth loss, call our NYC office today at (212) 661-9777 for an appointment. You can also visit our website for additional information on our complete dental services. 

    What Are Dental Veneers?

    Last updated 4 years ago

    Modern cosmetic dentistry services allow anyone to get the gorgeous teeth they wish they had. This video explains how dental veneers can improve your smile.

    Dental veneers adhere to the front of your teeth. Cosmetic dentists often use them for imperfections such as mild misalignment issues and tooth discoloration. If you have stubborn tooth stains or gapped teeth, you and your dentist can decide the size, shape, and color of the veneers that would best disguise your dental flaws. Once the veneers are ready for use, your dentist removes a thin layer of tooth enamel so that your veneers can fit perfectly over your teeth.

    Are you a candidate for dental veneers? To find out, call Dr. Kenn Kakosian D.D.S., P.C. at (212) 661-9777. Our NYC office offers a range of cosmetic dentistry options to fit your look and lifestyle.

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All content and information are of an unofficial nature and are not intended to be interpreted as dental advice.
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